GRASSES & VINES
more information on any of these plants use this link:
on Common Name for a picture of the plant
Grows 1 to 2 feet. Evergreen
fern with once-divided, leathery, dark-green foliage.
Forms large clumps, 2 to 3 feet across.
Good on rocky, woodland hillsides. Part-sun
to shade. Moist, well-drained soil.
Zone 3 N
Grows to 3 feet. Vigorous,
spreading to form large, vase-shaped clumps.
Large, doubly-divided fronds are light-green in spring and dark-green by
fall. Fertile fronds are fuzzy,
cinnamon-brown. Very hardy.
Full sun to shade. Moist, acid, highly organic soil best. Only tolerates full sun if plenty of moisture.
Vigorously spreading fern grows to 12 inches wiith light-green,
finely-divided fronds. Foliage
sweet-scented when crushed. Versatile
fern grows in many soils and tolerates drought.
Found in clearings and on rocky slopes.
Part-sun to shade. Moist,
well-drained soil. Drought
tolerant. Zone 3
Grows 3 to 4 feet in large, vase-shaped clumps.
Pale-green fronds not as deeply divided as Cinnamon Fern.
Green, sterile portions of fronds are ‘interrupted’ along the stalk
with brown, fertile portions. Part-sun
to shade. Moist, acid soil.
Good, woodland fern. Zone
One of the only ferns offered in different varieties.
Grows in clumps 2 to 3 feet tall with lacy, pale-green, arching fronds.
Found in moist, partly-shady areas but tolerates more sun and dry soil
than most ferns. Part-sun to shade. Moist,
rich soil best. Zone 4 N
Known for its fiddleheads in the spring.
Grows to 4 feet. Large,
upright, coarse-textured fronds. Found
in swamps and moist woods. Part-sun
to shade. Rich, moist to wet soil.
Beautiful, stately, vigorous fern with branching, pale to bright-green
fronds, depending on the amount of light. Grows
2 to 6 feet (tallest in wet conditions). Spreads
slowly. Full sun to shade.
Best in part-sun to shade. Wet
soils but not submerged. Zone
Interesting fern with completely separate fertile fronds often used in
dried arrangements. Grows 1 to 2
feet in moist soil. Fronds pale to
deep-green and twice-divided with fertile fronds brown with persistent,
bead-like spore cases along the stalk. Full
sun to shade. Moist to almost wet
Many species of tall (4 to 6 feet high) grass-like plants with long,
narrow leaves and striking flower heads; some with dark-brown ‘spikelets’
and others fluffy. Found in wet
areas and shallow water. Full to
part-sun. Wet soil, standing water.
Zones 3 to 4
A family of grass-like plants growing 1 to 4 feet high in shallow water
with either upright or floating stems and long, narrow leaves.
Flowers are greenish-brown and followed by a bur-like ball. Full to part-sun. Wet
soil, standing water. Zone
A versatile group of grasses; this species tolerant of dry, poor
conditions. Long-lived, grows 3 to
6 feet tall with lush green leaves that turn red in fall and bluish-purple
stems. Flower and seed heads branch
into 3 parts. Needs extra care to
get established but forms excellent cover once established.
A common prairie grass. Full
sun. Moist to dry soil.
Tolerates poor, dry, sandy soil. Zone
glaucus) Native to western
America. Grows to 2 feet. Vigorously spreading, ornamental grass. Good for erosion control on sandy, dune areas.
Tolerates drought and salt. Good
for bank stabilization. Highly
aggressive. Blue-gray, arching foliage and green to yellow flower
clusters in late summer. Full sun.
Well-drained, sandy soil. Zone
Spreading, cultivated grass for damp areas.
Grows to 3 feet with slender, arching, white and yellow variegated
foliage. Native species grow in
marshes, shallow water and wet areas. Full
sun. Wet soil.
Also called Canada Bluejoint Grass.
Other species and varieties are available.
Grows 2 to 4 feet. A
typical, upright, attractive grass. Spreads
slowly to form clumps. Some
varieties are more vigorous. Slender
stems and flower heads. Does well
in wet soil and is a good soil stabilizer.
Full sun. Moist, fertile
soil. Good near water. Zone 3
(Phalaris arundinacea var. picta)
Also called Reed Canary Grass. Cultivated
from a native grass. Vigorous and
ornamental with green and white striped, arching leaves and narrow clusters of
flowers in summer. Can be invasive. Grows 2 to 3 feet. Does
best in full sun and moist, fertile soil. Does
well close to water. Tolerates some
Several varieties. Grows 4
to 7 feet in thick, spreading clumps. Good
for wildlife and birds. Typical
long, narrow leaves and decorative, feathery flower heads.
Holds shape throughout winter. Needs
1 or 2 years to become established. Full sun. Tolerates
poor, acid, sandy, dry soil. Heat
and drought tolerant. Zones 3 to 5 N
The vines listed here are ones that make good ground covers in
particular. There are many more
climbing vines that could be added to a buffer simply for variation and to add
dimension. Check for ones that do
not overwhelm other vegetation.
veitchi) Dense, climbing or
sprawling vine with maple leaf-shaped ,glossy, dark-green leaves that turn
crimson in the fall. Tolerates dry
conditions once established. Sun to part-sun. Moist
to dry soil. Zone 4
Low-maintenance, dense, evergreen vine with broad, glossy, dark-green
leaves. Many varieties are available.
It climbs things or trails along the ground. Sun to shade. Moist
to dry soil. Tolerates some
Vigorous, flowering vine good on rocky slopes.
Easy to grow once established. Forms
a 2 to 3 foot thick mat of vegetation making it good for erosion control on
poor, sandy or rocky slopes. Also
good food and cover for birds and wildlife.
Typical pea-like vines and leaves and long-blooming, showy white to pink
to red flowers. Blooms summer to
fall. Sun to part-sun. Moist, well-drained soil best but tolerates poor, sandy,
clayey soils. Zone 3
Also called Woodbine. Rapid
growth. Spreads vigorously; can be
invasive. Good as ground cover over
rocky slopes. Deep-green, palmately-divided
leaves turn crimson in fall. Bluish,
black berries in fall. Good for
birds. Sun to shade. Adaptable to most soils.